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Reference Index for Biblical and Hebrew Terms

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I realize how confusing it can be to keep track of a large quantity of strange or unfamiliar terms, names and titles which often get used here. I’ve provided this reference source with definitions for an easy way to look up these terms when they are encountered.

I’ve tried to make it as thorough as possible but I will continually add to it if more should come to mind, or anyone inquires on something not listed here.

angel –

Term specifically referring to the messenger class of spiritual, heavenly beings created prior to humanity. Used in a modern context to refer generally to all classes of spiritual, heavenly beings.

cherub –

Class of spiritual beings having four distinct forms – humanoid, lion, eagle, ox. (plural: cherubim) Hebrew: keruwb.

chimera –

A term derived from Greek to describe any transgenic creature. Word originally applied to a particular transgenic which was part goat, part lion and part snake according to Greek mythology. Chimeras are termed “monsters” in apocryphal literature, referring to creatures derived from the genetic components of spiritual beings and animals.

demon –

Specifically a term referring to the wandering, earth-bound spirits of dead nephilim capable of oppressing, possessing and influencing living people. Generally used in a modern context to refer to any disincarnate malicious spirit.

giants –

The hybrid children of watchers and human women which were of immense stature.

gibbowr –

Hebrew word used often to describe descendants of various nephilim, literally meaning “powerful, warrior, tyrant, giant or mighty man.”

iyr –

Hebrew word for “watcher” meaning literally “wakeful or watchful one, one who watches.”

malak –

Hebrew word for angel, literally meaning “messenger”. (plural: malakim)

nachash –

Hebrew word for “serpent”, literally meaning “serpent, enchanter, or whisperer.”

nephil –

A person of human and angelic hybrid origins. (plural: nephilim)

raphah –

Demons which are regarded as ancestral deities and can incarnate repeatedly within a family line. (plural: rephaim) Hebrew: raphah, literally “to heal or quicken, a ghost, the dead”.

seraph –

A class of spiritual being (angel) which have six wings and can take the form of a dragon or serpent. Hebrew: saraph, literally “burning or fiery serpent”. (plural:  seraphim)

serpent/ dragon –

Either referring to the natural beast used by Satan to gain access to Eve and initiate human rebellion, or the class of spiritual beings to which Satan belongs (seraphim).

siren –

A spirit of a human female who was joined to a heavenly being in marital union during her mortal life. Capable of possession of living human beings and associated with bodies of water, they are known for specifically targeting men through lust and destroying them.

watcher –

A class of spiritual being (angel) which was charged with observance and study of creation, 200 of which rebelled in the transgressions of intermarrying with humanity and introducing forbidden technologies to earth. Generally humanoid appearance of large stature.

Anakim –

Hebrew: Anaqiy, descendants of the nephil “Anak” or “Anaq”, name literally meaning “choked, collared, strangle, encompassed by a chain, necklace.”

Armoni –

Fallen watcher who taught synthesized remedial medicine. From the Greek translation of his name (Pharmaros) is derived the modern terms Pharmacy, pharmacology, pharmacist, etc.. Hebrew: Armoniy “of the devoted or cursed”.

Azazel –

Fallen watcher who was an instigator of the rebellion of the 200. Taught the making and use of weapons of war and taught cosmetic enhancement to women. He is named as the being to which the released goat is sent to on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) to receive all the sins of Israel upon himself in accordance with the curse upon him mentioned in 1 Enoch “to Azazel ascribe: All Sin.” Hebrew: azaz +el “mighty impudence”.

B’nai Elohim –

Hebrew, meaning “sons of the mighty”, often rendered in translation “the sons of God”. Term of reference to any class of being or individual who’s origin is a direct act of creation by YHWH rather than a flesh and blood birth. Used exclusively in the old testament to refer to “angelic” beings in the general sense.

El –

Hebrew singular word literally meaning “mighty”, used in reference to YHWH or a lesser, created heavenly being. Often translated as “god”.

Elohim –

Hebrew plural word meaning literally “mighty ones” used at times in conjunction with a singular identifier to mean YHWH, or used as plural as a collective group of lesser heavenly beings. Often translated “gods”.

Enoch –

Antediluvian patriarch of the seventh generation. Son of Jared, father of Methuselah. He was a prophet who resisted the corruption brought into the world by the Watchers and who subsequently received knowledge of creation and the future through visions given to him by YHWH. He attempted to intercede on behalf of the rebel watchers and when that intercession failed, returned a message of conviction to the rebels from YHWH. Enoch was removed from the earth alive by YHWH prior to the flood. Hebrew: Chanowk “trained, instructed”.

1 Enoch –

A historical and prophetic text which was rejected from canon though validated as containing original writings of Enoch by Jude. Some material attributed to Noah also included in the text. General history of the preflood world, the rebellion of the Watchers and numerous parables and visions given to Enoch by YHWH, including many dealing with the last days. This book is not to be confused with 2 and 3 Enoch which are works written in much more recent times and which do not correlate to any canonical scripture.

Ham –

Son of Noah, one of three to survive the flood with him in the ark. Father of Canaan from who derived several nations of post flood nephilim as well as father of Mitsrayim, patriarch of Egyptian peoples.

Hermon –

Mountain on which the rebel faction of 200 watchers made a pact to enter into marital unions with mortal women and where they situated their headquarters while reigning on Earth. Hebrew: Chermown “seclude, devote, curse, consecrate”.

Ishtar –

Woman deified throughout multiple cultures under multiple derivatives of her name. Human wife of the watcher Shemyhaza, to whom it is said he revealed how to use the name of YHWH in ritual magic. She appears throughout ancient and modern culture as “the Queen of Heaven”, the mother goddess, the earth goddess, the Madonna. Often portrayed as a mermaid in connection with her status as chief of sirens. She is the personified “whore of Babylon” spoken in Revelation. Hebrew” Ishah+taher “pure woman”.

Japheth –

Son of Noah, one of three to survive the flood in the ark with him. Father of Javan, patriarch of Ionian peoples.

Jared –

Antediluvian patriarch of the 6th generation. Son of Mahalaleel, father of Enoch. The rebel watchers came to earth during his lifetime. Hebrew: Yered “descend”.

Lucifer –

Title ascribed to a chief fallen spiritual being in Isaiah chapter 14. Used in a modern context as a proper name for Satan though the title is neither a name nor describes Satan. Most applicably applied to a fallen Watcher, the Hebrew title is literally “heylel:, literally ” to shine or boast”.

Noah –

Man chosen to survive the flood with his family in the ark. Noah was chosen based both upon his willingness to remain loyal to YHWH and his untainted human bloodline which had not been mixed with nephil ancestry. Hebrew: Noach “rest”.

Satan –

Hebrew literal meaning: “accuser, adversary, one who opposes”. Chief of a vast rebellion of spiritual beings which took place in the heavens prior to the creation of mankind. “Satan” is not a name itself, but a descriptive title of the Seraph who led this insurrection and also tempted the first humans to disobey their Creator.

Shem –

Son of Noah, one of three to survive the flood with him in the ark. Patriarch of all Semitic peoples including Israelites. Hebrew: Shem “name, memorial”.

Shemyhaza –

Chief of the rebel faction of 200 watchers which transgressed in intermarrying with human women, begetting nephilim and introducing forbidden technologies to Earth. Hebrew: shem + ya’ah + aza “of the Name of power”.


Proper Hebrew name of the Creator, pronounced with vowel inflections “Yahuwah”, though often given as “Yahweh”. Literal meaning “self existent, or I AM”.

Yahushua –

Proper Hebrew name of Messiah, literally meaning : “the salvation of YAH”.


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The Dragon : Satan The Serpent

Posted in 03 : The Dragon with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on 04/22/2010 by timenolonger

Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field that Yahuwah ‘Elohiym had made
– Genesis 3:1

The word “serpent”, mentioned here, is translated from the word nachash. This word can mean in the sense of a verb: to whisper, prognosticate or enchant. As a noun it can mean an incantation, an enchantment or a snake.

It is of interest and importance to also note that the same root is used to mean “copper” : nechuwshah and the Chaldean word for “copper” (nechash) is virtually identical to the word which is used for “serpent” in Genesis 3:1.

Was an actual snake involved in the temptation of Eve?

I have encountered, recently, quite a bit of material which supposes that there was no involvement of any reptile in the events of Genesis 3. This view is often closely associated with the idea that the method of temptation also did not involve a literal tree nor any literal fruit.

It is noted in this view that the definition of the word “nachash” only associates serpents with the meaning by way of attributing the primary definition to its character, such as hissing and a sneaky, crafty nature.

Without going off topic and delving into the literal or non-literal meaning of trees and fruit, the use of the word nachash can be found throughout scripture in reference to instances where anything But a literal snake would be quite odd.

An example would be Exodus 4:3 when Moses cast a rod upon the ground and it became a serpent. YHWH commands him to then put forth his hand and take the serpent by its tail. It’s a logical conclusion, then, that the word nachash is, at least at times, used to mean an actual, physical reptile.

Another source to examine for evidence of the presence of an actual serpent in the garden of Eden is what history and archeology have to say about serpents throughout a wide array of cultures.

Serpents, are perhaps, the most heavily dealt with beasts in religious and mythological records. They are seen as embodiments of evil, wisdom, luck, power, knowledge and enchantment. Depicted in ancient art countless numbers of times, they are often shown as an evil to be defeated or feared.. as if mankind had learned to associate their misfortune in life with this beast.

Other depictions actually portray a serpent with a tree and human beings nearby… a scene very reminiscent of the description of events in Genesis 3.

Some even depict serpents as having legs. Recall the curse put on the serpent – “Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all cattle and more than every beast of the field. You shall go on your belly and you shall eat dust all the days of your life.” Genesis 3:14

So then if we have the involvement of a real beast… how did this beast come to be used as Satan’s tool and why a serpent rather than some other animal or why did Satan himself not appear instead of using a creature as his medium?

First we can look at what is unique about the serpent as opposed to other animals. “Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field…”

You might look at a modern snake crawling through your own garden and not associate it with a great degree of intelligence, and such is the case now with this animal who has been debased from its original created form both in appearance and brain power, but not only did the serpent once have a very different form, it also had great intellect.

Though most might be accustomed to considering humans the only earthly creatures with sentient intelligence and feel that this is directly connected to mankind being created in YHWH’s image… there is not an actual parallel between human monopoly on intelligence and their unique design in His image.

Humans are designed in His image in the sense that they literally resemble the form of their Maker, both in appearance and in having an imperishable and individual spirit. The serpent was not made in the image of YHWH but it was created with great intelligence and even a sentient will that could yield to Satan.

This brings us to another point about why the serpent as opposed to some other animal. YHWH created man in His image, but is man the only creature who had a “model” they were created to resemble?

Consider a particular classification of angelic being called a Seraph. Seraphim are mentioned in the English translation of the Bible in Isaiah: “Above it stood seraphim, each one had six wings, with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew.” Isaiah 6:2.

The word in Hebrew – saraph means a fiery, burning creature identified with a serpent and interestingly… copper. (refer back to the words nachash and nechuwshah). The word saraph occurs also in Numbers 21:8 and is translated “fiery serpent” and again in Isaiah 14 and 30 also translated a “fiery serpent”.

In Revelation, Satan is referred to as “that old serpent, called the Devil and Satan” Revelation 12:9. If the animal known as a serpent was modeled or “made in the image” of the class of angelic beings to which Satan himself belongs, it is quite logical that he chose this beast as the most suitable physical housing for himself.

Why didn’t Satan himself manifest physically to Eve? Because he couldn’t. Satan had no physical presence and as a rebellious spirit outside of YHWH’s will, he had no authority to breach the divide between the spiritual and physical realms without the explicit consent to inhabit a native, physical resident of earth.

Satan: The Originator of Sin

Satan is most often connected to the individual called “Lucifer” spoken of in Isaiah 14… i do not agree that these are the same individuals, but that subject is for a different discussion.

The bible does, however, provide an understanding of his goals, his motives and when he initiated his rebellion. He is described in Job as an opponent of both the Creator and those who serve Him… attempting to lay accusation against YHWH’s servants in order to destroy them.

He behaves like a malicious prosecuting attorney, he can’t supersede his Creator’s law so instead he attempts to work it to his ends… knowing that the wages of sin are death, he seeks to demand the full penalty of breaking the law when a person stumbles… and is not above tempting you to stumble so he can. (Thank Yahushua for Mercy!)

In Revelation are these verses about him :

“And war broke out in the heaven. Miyka’el and his angels fought with the dragon. And the dragon and his angels fought but they did not prevail nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer.
So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Diablos and Satan, who deceives the whole world. He was cast to the earth and his angels were cast out with him. Then I heard a loud voice saying in the sky, “At this moment salvation and strength and the kingdom of our ‘Eloah and the power of His Anointed have come, for the accuser of our brothers who accused them before our ‘Eloah day and night, has been cast down. ” Revelation 12:7-10

This future event shows some of Satan’s goals… he has a desire to literally overthrow YHWH, His law and His will to the (insane) point that he will even storm the “gates of heaven” and engage His faithful angels in battle.

Some will see this as a description of a past event, however it is clear by looking throughout scripture that until this point, he brings before YHWH accusation against believers and is denoted as the “prince of the power of the air”… still having access to heavenly realms.

Satan was the original sinner… having been created (as were all creatures) good, he conceived the antithesis of creation… destruction, in that he willfully began to oppose the sovereign will of YHWH which by its very nature upholds all creation… the natural consequence of that opposition is destruction… the wages of sin were always death.

In his dissent, he successfully lured legions of other angelic beings into his vision of a universe without YHWH. This event occurred before mankind existed, as obviously he was already in a sinful state when he tempted Eve.

This is the rebellion most believers are familiar with, and it was the one which would set in course all other instances of willful sin for all of time… but it might not be as well known that it wasn’t the last angelic rebellion. That’s another discussion.

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